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Official Eurasian Economic Union - Securities Portal

Silk Road Economic Belt


Strategically, China is reviving the historic Silk Road which connects China to Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Increasingly, trade agreements (which include social integration) for the general welfare of mankind is becoming the mainstay for over 70 countries as investments on the New Silk Road Economic Belt boost demand for innovative globalization. Geopolitically, China is bridging the gap between South-East and Central Asia that's left from decades of war against Western powers. Accordingly, China's reach towards global power is obtained as its economic muscles flexes along the New Silk Road Economic Belt. Impressively, the New Silk Road extends over 6,400 kilometers over several mountain ranges, plateaus, valleys and river basins. Readily, plans to finish the expansion of higher-speed railroads and maritime trade on the New Silk Road Economic Belt invigorate the upcoming centennial anniversary of the People's Republic of China.

History of the Silk Road

Noticeably, the Silk Road originated from the lucrative silk trade during the Han Dynasty in China and remains embedded throughout major economic corridors including: the Indo-Pacific, Indo-European, Baltic States, North Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Skillfully, trading on the Silk Road has propelled an array of trade and cultural networks along the ancient routes which remain central to economic interaction world-wide. Massively, ancient trade corridors throughout the continents of Asia and Europe have linked traders, merchants, pilgrims, monks, soldiers, nomads, and urban dwellers from China and India heading towards the Mediterranean Sea and the Greater West over the course of time.

Immensely, the Silk Road opened in ancient Greece following the rule of Alexander the Great in which a diaspora of Hellenistic kingdoms invigorated trade networks that extend from the Mediterranean Sea to the borders of China. Effectively, parts of Central Asia expanded from the Silk Road trade routes around 114 BC during the Han dynasty. Primarily, the Chinese pioneered diplomacy to conquest Central Asia with information on the world and valuable goods as exploration and missions from Zhang Qian, the Chinese imperial diplomat dominated the silk routes. Vehemently, China took great interest in the safety of their trade products, hence extending the Great Wall of China ensured the protection and longevity of the Silk Road.

Sea based routes

Attractively, the Maritime Silk Road is saturated with regional integration, strategic alliances and proprietary venture which all posture from trade through the Indian Ocean. Particularly, there are several military choke points on the South China Sea which ensure China's safety and longevity for trade on the Maritime Silk Road. Notably, the 10th parallel which include the Spratly Islands, as well as the 22nd parallel, which opens to the East China Sea establishes a major sea-line communications network which link sea vessels to and from the Indian Ocean. Furthermore, the Maritime Silk Road traverses from the Horn of Africa into the Red Sea into the Mediterranean Sea. Appropriately, both land and maritime silk routes lead to Venice, Italy which stood as a trading powerhouse in the times of the medieval adventurer Marco Polo as Europe sought to open up trade routes into Asia.

Militarily, the Maritime Silk Road includes military research in the Indian Ocean, South Atlantic Ocean and Antarctica which accelerate the expansion of higher-speed communication networks. Additionally, mega economic projects of geostrategic scale exist on the Maritime Silk Road as the development of the String of Pearls bloc intensify the demand for free trade agreements. Openly, the Paracel Islands, Spratly Islands and the Malacca Strait renders trade to the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea. Environmentally, the expansion of military research includes development of water treatment facilities, irrigation systems and biotech products from the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf.

Rail based routes

Relevantly, the New Silk Road Economic Belt (also known as the Eurasian Land Bridge) augment an expanding higher overland speed network of rail transport routes from the Pacific seaports in Russia's Far East with China to the historical seaports of Europe. Particularly, the transcontinental railroad feature transport routes to major northern corridors such as: the Northern East-West and Far North Corridors which link to the Indo-Europe Corridor. Moreover, the New Eurasian Land Bride expands into Central Asia from Kazakhstan and syncs with developing routes on the New Silk Road Economic Belt. Steadily, the New Silk Road Economic Belt is expanding into traditional corridors in western Europe such as the Blue and Golden Banana corridors.

Economically, the New Silk Road Economic Belt fosters growth, innovation and prudence as investments in education, infrastructure, steel, construction and utilities ignite pools of talent and skill for the global workforce. Likewise, opportunities in mass communication, mass transit and urban development increase the impact of expanding routes along the New Silk Road. Culturally, the rail based routes on the New Silk Road initiates soft power for diplomacy in areas of: consumer protection, social integration and political reform. Substantially, the rail based transport routes are a major incentive to prominent ports in the Central-West Asia Corridor, the China–Indochina Peninsula Corridor and China–Pakistan Economic Corridor.

Historically, major sea ports on the Mediterranean Sea and Adriatic Sea focus with interest on economic growth from land based routes leading to Arabia. Internationally, trade volume between Athens, Istanbul and Haifa remains a major factor on regional development and growth from mining, construction and financing. Meanwhile, economic expansion from northern Italy into the Baltic States illustrate the significance of growing land based trade routes in Arabia. Therefore, the New Silk Road Economic Belt accelerates unity, peace and prosperity as the corridor-based economic roadmap includes a network of higher-speed railways which leads to the continent of Africa. Readily, the Freetown-Timbuktu corridor creates a unique foundation for development of the Far South corridor as reforestation of the Sahara Desert becomes a stabilizing long term focus. Actively, the ancient port of Piraeus, Greece has become the largest passenger hub in Europe and second largest in the world. Tactfully, development of railroad routes from Istanbul, Turkey to Trieste, Italy the head of the Gulf of Trieste and one of the oldest areas from the Habsburg Monarchy. Military, the Baltic States has lead major hostility against development of higher-speed rail networks as the clash between eastern and western powers become perpetuated.

Massively, the New Silk Road Economic Belt delivers an advanced global network for greater international trade and social development. Aggressively, China is investing to increase business-related diplomatic travel from R & D capitalization on major economic corridors. Increasingly, India responds favorably to economic expansion along the New Silk Road. Critically, trade is increases between India, Pakistan, Myanmar and on beyond the Mediterranean Sea. Furthermore, China has created over 20,000 centers for training "connectivity professionals" who continue to bridge the social gaps for cohesion along the New Silk Road Economic Belt.